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Title: Правове становище позашлюбних дітей на території Польщі (1918–1939 рр.)
Other Titles: The legal status of nonmarital children in Poland (1918–1939)
Authors: Онишко, О.Б.
Onyshko, O.B.
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5165-1810
Keywords: позашлюбні діти
правовий захист
право на утримання
батьківська влада
метричні книги
визнання дитини законною
children born outside marriage
legal protection
right to maintenance
parental authority
metric registers
recognition of a child as legal
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Соціально-правові студії
Series/Report no.: ;3
Abstract: Розглянуто правове становище позашлюбних дітей на території Польщі у міжвоєнний період під час дії кількох правових систем у сфері шлюбно-сімейного права. Проаналізовано права та обов’язки кожного з батьків щодо позашлюбних дітей, права дітей на спадщину кожного з батьків. Розглянуто основні підстави, за якими дозволялося урівняти в правах шлюбних і позашлюбних дітей. Охарактеризовано межі поширення батьківської влади*, а також відповідальність за ухилення від виконання батьківських обов’язків стосовно позашлюбних дітей. The legal status of children born outside marriage in Poland during the interwar period is analyzed in the article. Тhe main problem of legal regulation of that kind of relationships was the validity of several legal systems in the feld of family law, examines the rights and obligations of each parent in relation to nonmarital children, the right of children to have the inheritance of each parent. The basic reasons for equalizing the rights of married and children born outside marriage are considered. The limits of the distribution of parental authority and the responsibility for evading parental responsibilities towards nonmarital children are characterized. All regulations which were in force at that time had not contained any rules that would protect the rights of nonmarital children and their mothers. Both of them depended on the male of mother’s family (grandfather, brother, curator) and from the recognition or non-recognition of their birth by a biological father. The state did not help such children in any way, and quite often, in the absence of proper care and money, such children did not survive even after birth. In the western and southern parts of Poland were providing of the possibility of recognizing the father of an illegitimate child in a court way. It was difcult for the child or his mother to achieve this in court, as fling a complaint and litigation required signifcant costs. For a long time it was impossible in the central parts of Poland until 1913 r., when the law of the improving the fate of extramarital children was passing. The said law not only limited parental authority by imposing parental responsibilities, but also determined responsibility for the father's willful acts against his child.
Description: Онишко О. Б. Правове становище позашлюбних дітей на території Польщі (1918–1939 рр.) / Онишко Оксана Богданівна // Соціально-правові студії. - 2020. - Випуск 3 (9). - С. 69-75.
ISSN: 2617-4170
Appears in Collections:Наукові публікації

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