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Title: Правосвідомість, правопорядок та законність як чинники правомірної поведінки
Other Titles: Legal awareness, law and order, legality as factors of lawful behavior
Authors: Барабаш, О.О.
Barabash, O.O.
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2666-9696
Keywords: правомірна поведінка
соціально-правове середовище
legally meaningful behavior
legal responsibility
solidarity with law
legal duty
respect for the law
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Форум Права
Series/Report no.: ;3
Abstract: Досліджено взаємозв’язок та взаємовплив правосвідомості, правопорядку та законності на правомірну поведінку особи, яка несе в собі конкретну програму людської діяльності і спілкування в соціально-правовому середовищі. Суть цієї програми полягає в забезпеченні точної відповідності поведінки всіх суб’єктів правовим приписам і формуванні критеріїв законного та незаконного у сфері права. Обґрунтовано, що найважливішим організаційним і стабілізаційним чинником соціально-правового середовища в цілому є правопорядок – порядок відносин, що складаються в результаті здійснення вимог законності. Зроблено висновок, що правопорядок відображає структурну впорядкованість, організованість поведінки людини, яка повинна існувати лише в умовах законності. Будучи зумовлені потребами упорядкованого розвитку правових відносин, вимоги законності зорієнтовані на забезпечення правомірного характеру поведінки всіх суб’єктів і, отже, несуть в собі конкретну програму людської діяльності і спілкування в соціальноправовому середовищі. The interconnection and mutual influence of legal awareness, law, and order, legality on the lawful behavior of a person, which performs a concrete program of human activity and communication in the social and legal environment, are investigated. The essence of this program is to ensure the exact conformity of the behavior of all subjects with legal provisions and the formation of criteria for the legal and the illegal in the field of law. It is proved that the most important organizational and stabilizing factor of the social and legal environment as a whole is law and order – the order of relations, which are formed as a result of the implementation of the requirements of legality. There is no doubt that the legal awareness forms the lawful behavior of a person. The legal awareness is a source, which causes the person's internal readiness to the process of implementing legal norms. However, it is important that the legal awareness should be based on the moral and spiritual foundation, recognition and comprehensive application of historical features and characteristics of society. It is impossible to declare the principles of a law-governed state without the appropriate cultural level, moral climate. In fact, in the modern Ukrainian society, which gradually gets out of the crisis on the path to stabilization, the legal culture plays a significant role in the field of building a legal state. The high level of the legal culture is a positive factor in preventing from offenses, which directly affects the strength of law and order. The purpose of the article is a creation of the author's concept of a holistic approach to the relationship between legal awareness, law and order and lawful behavior. The novelty of the article consists in determining their qualitative correlation to specify, supplement socially meaningful behavior, which is expressed in the form of concrete physical actions or inactions, should be regulated by norms of law, controlled by the state and should lead to effective legal consequences. The task of the paper is to reveal the content and interconnection of the main factors that can affect human behavior, in particular, they include law and order, legal awareness and legality as factors of the social and legal environment in which human behavior is formed. It is concluded that the legal order reflects the structural order, the organization of human behavior, which should exist only under conditions of legality. The requirements of legality are stipulated by the needs of the orderly development of legal relations, they are oriented to ensure the lawful nature of the behavior of all subjects and, therefore, they carry a specific program of human activity and communication in the socio-legal environment. It is substantiated that the lack of legal order has a devastating effect on society, makes it impossible to meet needs, provide interests and goals. This may manifest itself, first of all, in the exposure of rights, freedoms and interests of citizens, the threat to life, health and dignity of people, the deprivation of guarantees of social protection and welfare, the social differentiation of society, the arbitrariness of the authorities, imperfections of adopted laws and other normative and legal acts, the low quality of law enforcement agencies, and, finally, in the illegal conduct of other legal entities. That is, from the standpoint of a person, legal order serves as a means of protecting his/her rights, freedoms and legitimate interests. It provides the protection of the person, both from the arbitrariness of the state and its bodies and from the unlawful actions of other subjects. In this context, the state acts as a specific entity, the purpose of which is to ensure stability and sustainable development of the society.
Description: Барабаш О.О. Правосвідомість, правопорядок та законність як чинники правомірної поведінки / О.О. Барабаш // Форум Права. - 2018. - № 3. - С. 6-12. -
ISSN: 1995-6134
Appears in Collections:Наукові публікації

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